Wednesday, February 16, 2011

physical trauma

Gbex says:--Trauma or injury refers to "a body wound or shock produced by sudden physical injury, as from violence or accident."

It can also be described as "a physical wound or injury, such as a fracture or blow."

Major trauma (defined by an Injury Severity Score of greater than 15 can result in secondary complications such as circulatory shock, respiratory failure and death.

Resuscitation of a trauma patient often involves multiple management procedures.

Trauma is the sixth leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for 10% of all mortality, and is a serious public health problem with significant social and economic costs.

Trauma can be classified by the affected area of the body (percentages of total incidence):

Trauma may also be classified by the affected demographic group (for example, trauma in the pregnant, pediatric, or geriatric patient). They may also be classified by the type of force applied to the body, such as blunt trauma versus penetrating trauma.

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